World Intellectual Property Organization

Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)

Article 21
International Publication

(1)  The International Bureau shall publish international applications.

(2)(a)  Subject to the exceptions provided for in subparagraph (b) and in Article 64(3), the international publication of the international application shall be effected promptly after the expiration of 18 months from the priority date of that application.

(b)  The applicant may ask the International Bureau to publish his international application any time before the expiration of the time limit referred to in subparagraph (a). The International Bureau shall proceed accordingly, as provided in the Regulations.

(3)  The international search report or the declaration referred to in Article 17(2)(a) shall be published as prescribed in the Regulations.

(4)  The language and form of the international publication and other details are governed by the Regulations.

(5)  There shall be no international publication if the international application is withdrawn or is considered withdrawn before the technical preparations for publication have been completed.

(6)  If the international application contains expressions or drawings which, in the opinion of the International Bureau, are contrary to morality or public order, or if, in its opinion, the international application contains disparaging statements as defined in the Regulations, it may omit such expressions, drawings, and statements, from its publications, indicating the place and number of words or drawings omitted, and furnishing, upon request, individual copies of the passages omitted.

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