World Intellectual Property Organization

Statistical Country Profiles

Ghana

Population (Million): 25.37 (2012) (Rank = 47)

Gross Domestic Product (Billion US$)(Constant 2005 US$ (PPP)): 44.76 (2012) (Rank = 85)

IP Filings (Resident + Abroad, Including Regional) and Economy
Year Patent Trademark Industrial Design GDP (Constant 2005 US$)
1998     10 18.89
1999       19.72
2000       20.45
2001       21.26
2002       22.22
2003       23.38
2004       24.68
2005       26.14
2006       27.81
2007       29.61
2008       32.11
2009       33.39
2010       36.06
2011       41.47
2012       44.76
Patent Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998            
1999         1 88
2000            
2001            
2002            
2003         2 127
2004         1 134
2005         4 116
2006         1 125
2007         3 115
2008         1 136
2009         3 120
2010         1 140
2011            
2012         3 140
Patent Applications by Top Fields of Technology (1998 - 2012)
Field of Technology Share
Pharmaceuticals 40.00
Organic fine chemistry 15.00
Basic materials chemistry 10.00
Engines, pumps, turbines 10.00
Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 5.00
Analysis of biological materials 5.00
Control 5.00
Medical technology 5.00
Civil engineering 5.00
Patent Grants
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998            
1999            
2000            
2001            
2002            
2003            
2004            
2005            
2006            
2007         1 104
2008            
2009            
2010         2 112
2011         1 120
2012            
Patents in Force
Year Patents in Force Rank
2004    
2005    
2006    
2007    
2008 1,018 49
2009    
2010    
2011    
2012    
Utility Model Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998            
1999            
2000            
2001            
2002            
2003            
2004            
2005            
2006            
2007            
2008            
2009            
2010            
2011            
2012            
Trademark Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998            
1999            
2000            
2001         45 85
2002            
2003         15 132
2004            
2005         3 137
2006         50 126
2007         2 157
2008     61 118 61 122
2009     677 106 3 165
2010     882 104 36 143
2011     1,067 101 5 177
2012     1,177 99 36 155
Trademark Registrations
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998            
1999            
2000            
2001            
2002            
2003         2 145
2004            
2005            
2006            
2007         55 113
2008     61 110 11 141
2009     677 99 34 129
2010     882 96 3 166
2011     1,067 96 36 136
2012     1,177 94 37 144
Industrial Design Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 10 70 4 91    
1999     2 95    
2000            
2001     9 88    
2002            
2003            
2004            
2005            
2006            
2007            
2008     4 105    
2009     14 93    
2010 1 90 21 84 24 86
2011     29 80 2 110
2012     31 85 1 124
Industrial Design Registrations
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998            
1999     5 78    
2000            
2001     4 87    
2002            
2003            
2004            
2005            
2006            
2007            
2008     4 98    
2009     14 87    
2010 1 83 21 79 21 82
2011     29 75    
2012     31 81 3 95
International Applications via WIPO Administered Treaties
Year PCT System Rank Madrid System Rank Hague System Rank
1998            
1999 1 74        
2000            
2001            
2002            
2003            
2004            
2005            
2006 1 101        
2007            
2008 3 90        
2009            
2010            
2011 2 97 22 55    
2012 1 108        
PCT National Phase Entry (Direct and via Regional Office)
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998            
1999         1 72
2000            
2001            
2002            
2003         1 84
2004            
2005         1 89
2006            
2007            
2008            
2009            
2010            
2011            
2012         2 112
Source: WIPO statistics database. Last updated : 03/2014
The statistics are based on data collected from IP offices or extracted from the PATSTAT database (for statistics by field of technology). Data might be missing for some years and offices or may be incomplete for some origins. The data relating to population and gross domestic product (GDP) are from the UN Statistics Division and the World Bank.
A resident filing refers to an application filed in the country by its own resident; whereas a non-resident filing refers to the one filed by a foreign applicant. An abroad filing refers to an application filed by this country's resident at a foreign office.
Where an office provides total filings without breaking them down into resident and non-resident filings, WIPO divides the total count using the historical share of resident filings at that office.
IP filings and Economy lists patent, trademark and industrial design filings worldwide by applicants from this country (resident + abroad).
One filing at the Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO), the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI), the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property (BOIP) or the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) is treated as equavalent of multiple abroad filings at each member state; whereas one filing at the European Patent Office (EPO) or the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) is counted as one abroad filing due to lack of information on designation.
Ghana is a member of the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO). Patent filings by residents of this country at ARIPO are considered both resident and abroad filings via regional office. Due to lack of information on designation, filings by other nationals at ARIPO are not counted as non-resident filings for Ghana.
Contact information: Economics and Statistics Division, WIPO. Tel.: +41-22-338-91-11, email: Ipstats.mail@wipo.int.

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